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Wood Pigeon

Wood Pigeon Identification, Habitat, Food & Other Facts

By

20th August 2013

Identification

Length: 40cm.

The Wood Pigeon is larger than other European pigeons, and is heavily built. They have uniform grey-blue plumage, with a broad white wing-bar and (in adults only) a very pronounced white patch at the side of the neck. The head and rump are darker than the rest of the plumage. Their flanks and belly are pale and their breast is a cloudy wine-red colour. The sides of the neck are an iridescent purple and green. Both tail and flight feathers are black. The legs are pink and the bill has a pink base and yellowish tip. Youngsters are paler and have no black on the neck.

Wood Pigeon

Call

A subdued, rhythmical coo, ‘coo-coooo-coo-coo-coo’, repeated several times over.

Reproduction

Breeding is from April to September. They nest on hedges or in trees.
They normally lay two white, smooth, slightly shiny eggs. Incubation is shared, although the female undertakes the major part. The squabs or young pigeons are fed on ‘pigeon’s milk’, secreted from the crop.

Habitat

Generally frequents areas fairly well covered with trees, such as woods, thickets and plantations. Also present in meadow, cultivated land, open country, urban parks and gardens.

Natural Food

They eat plant matter, seeds, leaves, fruit, berries, nuts and flowers. They will occasionally eat worms and insects.

Where to Feed

Feeder – Not suitable
Table Feeder – Open topped
Ground Feed – Scatter food in the open